According to the report, out of a total of 184 commitments, only 36 were deemed "sufficient", based on commitments to reduce emissions by at least 40% by 2030, 12 were deemed "partially sufficient" for their emission reduction commitments by 20-40% by 2030 and 136 commitments were partially or totally "insufficient". Themes | of the Paris Agreement| Global warming leaders from around the world are meeting this week in Madrid to focus on implementing the Paris Agreement. The conference began in a blatant context with the latest report by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), which sounded the alarm for stronger action. While India is one of the few countries on track to meet its Paris obligations, every country in the world needs much more. Under the Paris Agreement, India has made three commitments. India`s greenhouse gas emissions intensity in its GDP will be reduced by 33-35% by 2030 compared to its 2005 level. In addition, 40% of India`s electricity capacity would be based on non-fossil fuel sources. At the same time, India will create an additional "carbon sink" of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent by 2030, thanks to additional cover for forests and trees. In addition to a series of climate disasters such as Cyclone Amphan, the COVID-19 pandemic has posed significant social and economic challenges. The economic impasse due to the pandemic is leading to a sharp reduction in emissions in the short term, but they will rise again at the same rate, unless India develops a green recovery strategy focused on COVID-19.
With a 10% of GDP stimulus package and the experience of clean air during the lockdown, the crisis offers India an opportunity to accelerate the transition from coal to renewables and accelerate the introduction of electromobility. There is no clear sign that India is seizing this opportunity. While no new coal-fired power plants have been built in 2020, the government is encouraging more coal mining and increased coal production, which is not compatible with a green recovery. .